The following information is for print books. For e-books, see the tab above.
Reference: Author Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.
Example: Carson, N.R. (1998). Psychology of behaviour. London: Allyn & Bacon.
Books with multiple authors follow the same pattern.
Reference: Author/Editor Last name, Initials. (Year) Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher.
Example: McLeskey, J. (2013) Inclusion: effective practice for all students? 2nd edn. London: Pearson.
There are two styles of MHRA referencing - footnotes/bibliography style and author/date style. This guide covers notes/bibliography style. For more information on both types of styles please see information here from the Univeristy of St. Andrews, and here from the MHRA style guide online.
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Reference: Author Last name, First name. Title. Publisher, Year of Publication.
Example: McDonagh, Sean. Why are we Deaf to the Cry of the Earth? Veritas, 2001.
Note: In the full reference/Works Cited section, list the author's name as it appears in the work, i.e. last name and full first name or last name and initials.
Please note that there are two style of Chicago referencing: author/date style and notes/bibliography style. This guide covers notes/bibliography style.
In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.
3. Thelan, How Institutions Evolve, 271.