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Referencing: Print, Online & Media Resources: Books

The following information is for print books. For e-books, see the tab above. 

APA Style

Reference: Author Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example: Carson, N.R. (1998). Psychology of behaviour. London: Allyn & Bacon.

In-Text-Citation

  • Author Last name (Year)    
  • (Author Last name, Year)

Example:

  • Carson (1998) argues
  • Another approach (Carson, 1998) highlighted….

Books with multiple authors follow the same pattern. 

Source: UCD Library

Harvard Style

Reference: Author/Editor Last name, Initials. (Year) Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example: McLeskey, J. (2013) Inclusion: effective practice for all students? 2nd edn. London: Pearson.

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author Last name (Year)
  • (Author Last name, Year)

Example:

  • According to McLeskey (2013)
  • As has been argued (McLeskey, 2013)

Source: UCD Library

MLA Style

Reference: Author Last name, First name. Title. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example: McDonagh, Sean. Why are we Deaf to the Cry of the Earth? Veritas, 2001.

In-Text-Citation:

  • (Author Last name Page no)
  • (Page no)

Example:

  • In another study (McDonagh 80)….
  • McDonagh has discussed (80)….

Note: In the full reference/Works Cited section, list the author's name as it appears in the work, i.e. last name and full first name or last name and initials.

Source: UCD Library

MHRA Style

There are two styles of MHRA referencing - footnotes and bibliography style and author-date style. Please check with your lecturer/tutor which one you must use.

For information on both types of styles please see information here from the Univeristy of St. Andrews, and here from the MHRA style guide online.